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種植技術

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如何提高油茶苗種植成活率

發布時間:2019-10-08來源:作者:點擊:

腾讯欢乐捕鱼SUIZHUWOGUOYOUCHACHANYEDECHIXUJIANKANGFAZHAN。DANZAISHIJIANZHONG,YAOXIANGTIGAOZAIZHIYOUCHAMIAODECHENGHUOLV,TIZAOCHAYUANTOUCHAN,YINGRENZHENZHANGWOYIXIASIGEZHONGYAOJISHUHUANJIE。

YI、BAOCHICHAMIAOTINEISHUIFENPINGHENG

MIAOMUTINEIDESHUIFENSHITADESHENGMINGYUANQUAN。DANGSHUIFENGONGGEICHONGZUSHI,MIAOMUTINEISHUILIANGWEICHIZAIZHENGCHANGSHUIPING,XISHUIYUSHISHUICAINENGBAOCHIPINGHENG,SHENGCHANGJIUWANGSHENG;DANGSHUIFENGONGYINGBUZUSHI,HUISHITINEIXIBAOTUOSHUI,SHENGLIDAIXIEJIANRUO,SHENGCHANGHUOLIJIANTUI。RUGUOSHISHUICHAOGUOYIDINGXIANDU,CHAMIAOJIUHUIYINQUESHUIERSIWANG。

裸根苗木一般只能帶走50%左右的根系,根量減少,苗木吸水能力下降。脫離土壤的裸根油茶苗,其根系非但暫時吸收不了水分,如再不重視對它的保護,茶苗的生長活力將會受到極大的影響。因此,從苗圃起苗、運輸直到栽植完成,以及栽植后一兩年的護理中,保持幼齡油茶苗體內的水分平衡,是提高移植油茶苗成活率的關鍵。

WEIBAOCHIYOUCHAMIAOTINEISHUIFENPINGHENG,ZAIJISHUSHANGYAOQIUNENGJINLIANGZUODAOYIXIAJIDIAN:

1、ZENGJIAZAIZHIMIAOMUDEHANSHUILIANGZAIQIMIAOQIAN,MIAOPUYINGYUXIANCHONGFENGUANSHUI,SHITURANGSONGRUAN,QIMIAOSHICAINENGSHICHAMIAODAIYOUJIAODUODETU,BAOLIUJIAODUODEGENXI,ZUIHAOSHISUIWASUIZAI,YOULIYUYOUCHAMIAOCHENGHUO。

2、JINKENENGJIANSHAOYOUCHAMIAODEZHENGTENGSHISHUIQIMIAOHOUZHUANGCHEYUNSHUQIAN,YAOYONGSHICAOBAOZHAYOUCHAMIAOGENBU,ZHUYIFUGAIZHEYIN,DUIYUZANSHIZAIBUWANDEMIAO,BIXUZHIZAIBEIYINSHIRUNDECHANGSUO。QIMIAO、YUNSHU、DINGZHIGONGZUOZAI1XINGQINEIWANCHENGWEIYI。ZAIZHISHI,YOUCHAMIAOGENXIYAOZHANHUANGNIJIANG,SHIGENYUXITUJINMIJIECHU。BINGLIJIJIAOZUDINGGENSHUI。

二、栽植時機要適宜

DANGCHAMIAODISHANGBUCHUYUXIUMIANZHUANGTAI,QIEQIHOUSHIRUN、TURANGDIQINGHAOSHI,YIZAICHAMIAORONGYICHENGHUO。ZAICHANGJIANGZHONGXIAYOUDIQU,QIUJI“HANLU”ZHIYINIANZAOCHUNDE“JINGZHE”QIJIAN,ZHIYAOWUBINGDONGQINGKUANGFASHENG,JUNKEZAIZHIYOUCHAMIAO。GENJUWODIQINGKUANG,JIANYIZAIZHISHIJIANWEIZAOCHUN“YUSHUI”DAO“CHUNFEN”WEIYI。

SAN、ZAIZHIFANGFAYAOGUIFAN

腾讯欢乐捕鱼SHOUXIAN,YAOXUANYONGJISHIHEJIAGONGBENDICHALEI,YOUNENGSHIYINGZAIBENDIZAIPEIDELIANGZHONGYOUCHAMIAO。YUANZESHANGTONGYIQUYUZHONGZAIYIGEPINZHONG,YIMIANHUNZA。

DIER,ZAIZHIYOUCHAMIAOQIANYAOZUOHAOPINGZHENGYUANDI、HUAXIANDINGXINGDENGZHUNBEIGONGZUO。ZAIYUANDISHENGENGYUFUKENDEJICHUSHANG,YAOQIUZHONGZHIDIDETURANGZHENGPING、ZHENGXI,QUEDINGZAIZHIMIDUYUFANGSHI,ANYUANDIGUIHUAYAOQIUFENKUAI、HUAXIANDINGXING,CHULIHAOCHAXINGZOUXIANGYUDAOLU、GOUQUJIANDEGUANXI,HUACHUSUOYOUZAIZHICHAXING。

DISAN,ZAIZHIYOUCHAMIAOSHIYAOKAISHENGOU、SHIYOUJIDIFEI,CAIYONGSHENGOUQIANZAIFA。ZAIYUANDIHUAHAODECHAXINGXIANSHANGWAZAIZHIGOU,GOUSHEN、GOUKUANJUNWEI40cm,MEIMUSHIRUJINGWUHAIHUACHULIDENONGJIAFEI2000kgHUOSHANGPINYOUJIFEI300kgYISHANG,ZAIJIASHILINFEI50kg,TUFEIXIANGHUNHOUZAITIANRUBIAOTU5~10cm,YIFANGCHAMIAOGENXIYUFEILIAOZHIJIEJIECHUERSHOUHAI。JIANGGENXIZHANHUANGNIJIANGHOU,ANZAIZHICONGJUMEIXUEZAI2~3ZHU,MIAOYUMIAOJIANFENKAI、FUZHENG,BINGZHUYISHIQIGENXISHUZHAN,RANHOUJIANGXITUZHUCENGTIANRU、CAIJINTASHI、JIAODINGGENSHUI,SHIGENXIYUXITUJINMIJIECHU。ZHESHITIGAOZAIZHICHAMIAOCHENGHUOLVDEJISHUYAOLING。ZUIHOUZAIFU1CENGSONGTU,SHICHAMIAOZAIZHIXIANLVEDIYUCHAYUANDIMIANCHENG“AO”ZIXING,YOULIYUYIHOUJIZHONGJIAOSHUI、SHIFEI,QIEBUZHISHIFEISHUILIUSHI,YEYOULIYUYIHOUZAICHAMIAOLIANGBIANJINXINGPUCAO、PEITUDENGKANGHAN、FANGDONGCUOSHI。

ZAIZHIHOUDEZHUANGMIAO,YINGZAILIGENJING15~20cmCHU(ZHISHAOYAOLIUYOU2PIANZHENXIE)JINXINGXIUJIAN,BINGZAICHAXINGLIANGBIANPUCAOFUGAI,YIJIANSHAOYOUCHAMIAOSHUIFENZHENGTENGHETURANGSHUIFENZHENGFA。RUGUOCHUXIANLIANXUQINGREGANHANTIANQI,HUANYINGMEIGE5TIANZUOYOUJIAO1CISHUI,YILIYOUCHAMIAOCHENGHUO。

四、油茶苗護理要及時

SUHUASHUO:“SANFENZHONG,QIFENGUAN”,ZHEJUHUAQIANGDIAOLETIANDIGUANLIDEZHONGYAOXING。MIAOMUZAIZHIHOUDE1-2NIANNEI,YOUYUYOUCHAMIAOZHIXIEJIAONEN,GENXIQIAN,KANGXINGCHA,YISHOUGAOWENGANHAN、DIWENYANHANHUOBINGCHONGCAOHAIDENGBULIANGQIHOUHEHUANJINGDEYINGXIANG,HUISHIYOULINGCHAMIAOSHENGCHANGSHOUDAOSHANGHAI,SHENZHIDAOZHIZHIZHUSIWANG。YINCI,ZAIZHIHOUDUIYOUMIAODEJISHIHULI,SHIQUANMIAO、ZHUANGMIAOYUZAOJIANXIAODEGUANJIAN。ZAIYOUMIAOQIJIANYINGJISHIJIAQIANGYIXIAJIXIANGTIANJIANNONGYIGUANLICUOSHI。

1、PUCAOHEJIAOSHUICHAMIAOZAIZHIHOU,YINGZAICHAXINGLIANGCEJIXIAOXINGJUJIANJINXINGPUCAOFUGAI,JINENGJIANSHAOTURANGSHUIFENZHENGFA,ZENGJIAYUSHUISHENTOU,HANYANGTURANGSHUIFEN,YOUKEYIZHIZACAOZISHENGHEDIAOJIETURANGWENDU,QIDAOXIAJIJIANGWENKANGHAN、DONGJIZENGWENFANGDONGDEXIAOGUO。YUDAOLIANXUQINGREGANHANTIANQI,HUANYINGJISHIJIAOSHUI,BAOCHITURANGSHIRUN,KANGHAN、FANGDONGBAOMIAOSHITIGAOCHAMIAOCHENGHUOLVDEZHONGYAOCUOSHI。

2、TAOZHONGLVFEIYOULINGCHASHUJIANKEYITAOZHONGLIANGJILVFEIZUOWU,CHUNJIZHONGHUANGDOU、LVDOUHUOFUHUASHENGDENG,QIUJIZHONGMUXU、TIAOZIHUOFEITIANLUOBUDENG。TAOZHONGLVFEIZUOWUYIBUYINGXIANGCHAMIAOSHENGCHANGWEIYUANZE,ZHONGZHIQIANYAOSHISHAOLIANGCAOMUHUIHELINFEI,CUJINLVFEIZUOWUSHENGCHANG;ZHONGZHIHOUYAOKONGZHILVFEI,ZAILVFEIWEICHENGSHUQIANJISHIYIGE、FANMAIRUTU。ZHEYANGBUJINNENGZENGJIACHAYUANSHENGWUDUOYANGXING,TIGAOTURANGFUGAIDUHESHENGWUHUOXING,PEIFEITURANG,ERQIEYOUNENGQIDAOZHEYIN、JIANSHAOZACAOZISHENGHEFANGZHISHUITULIUSHIDENGZUOYONG。

3、SHIFEIZHUANGMIAOYOUCHAMIAOZAIZHI4-6GEYUEHOU,JIEHEDANGNIANKANGHANBAOMIAOJISHIZHUIFEI,YONGFUSHUFAJIAOHOUDEXIBORENFENNIAOHUO2%-5%DENIAOSURONGYEZAICHAMIAOYICEJIAOSHI,MEIYUE1CI,KECUJINYOUMIAOSHENGCHANG,BINGJUYOUKANGHAN、FANGDONG、ZHUANGMIAOZUOYONG。QIUJI(9~10YUE)YAOSHIJIFEI,YIBANZAICHAXINGYICEJUCHAMIAO20cmCHUKAISHIFEIGOU,SHENDU20cmZUOYOU,MEIMUSHIBINGFEI150~200kgHUONONGJIAFEI1000~1500kg。

腾讯欢乐捕鱼4、BINGCHONGCAOHAIFANGZHIZACAODUO、SHENGCHANGKUAI,YIYUCHAMIAOZHENGSHUI、ZHENGFEI、ZHENGGUANG,YINGXIANGYOUMIAOZHENGCHANGSHENGCHANGYUCHENGHUOLV。CHASHUZHIJIANPUCAOYUZHONGZHILVFEIZUOWUDENGKEYOUXIAOYIZHIZACAOSHENGCHANG。DUIYICHANGCHUDEZACAOYAOSHOUGONGBACHU,ZUODAOCHUZAO、CHUJIN,YANJINYONGCHUCAOJICHUCAO,YIMIANSHANGHAICHAMIAO。HUANYAOZHUYIJISHIFANGZHITANJUBING、JIAYANXIAOLVXIECHANHECHAYADENGBINGCHONGHAI,FANGZHIFANGFAYINONGYEHESHENGWUFANGZHIWEIZHU。




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