腾讯欢乐捕鱼

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種植技術

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油茶種植難嗎?效益如何?

發布時間:2019-10-08來源:作者:點擊:

腾讯欢乐捕鱼YOUCHASHIWOGUOZHENGUIDEYOULEIZUOWU,QIZHADEYOUYINGYANGFENGFUHUANYOUJIAOHAODEBAOJIANZUOYONG。MUQIANSHICHANGJIAZHIGAO,YOUHENHAODEZHONGZHIQIANJING,DANSHITASHENGCHANGZHOUQICHANG,RUGUOXIANGYAOZAIZHONGZHIGUOCHENGZHONGHUODEGAOCHAN,NEIMEKEYIJINXINGMIZHIZAIPEI,YIXIASHIXIANGXIDEZAIPEIFANGFAGONGDAJIAJIEJIAN 。

1 QIHOUHUANJINGTIAOJIAN

    YUNNANGAOYUANSHANDIYOUCHASHIYIZAINIANJUNWEN 16 ℃ YISHANG,NIANJIANGSHUILIANG >1 000mm ,NIANRIZHAOSHISHU 1 600h YISHANG, ≥10℃NIANJIWEN4 500~5 200℃ ,HAIBAGAODU500~1 800m DEYANGPOHUOBANYANGPOZAIPEI,DANYI HAIBA 1 600m YIXIAWEIJIA。YOUCHADUITURANGYAOQIUBUYAN,NAIGANHAN、JIBO,ZAISUANXINGHUOWEISUANXINGHONGRANG、SHARANG、HUANGRANG,pHZHI 4.5~6.5 DETURANGSHANGSHENGCHANGFAYUBIAOXIANLIANGHAO,YOUCHAYIBANZAIPEIYOUXIAOTUCENGHOUDUYINGZAI 50cmYISHANG。

    2 ZHONGMIAOZHENGDIYAOQIU

腾讯欢乐捕鱼    2.1 ZHONGMIAOYAOQIU

    MUQIAN,YOUCHAMIAOMUPEIYUDEFANGSHIZHUYAOYOUJIAJIE、QIANCHA、BOZHONG3ZHONG。WEIQUEBAOMIAOMUZHILIANGHELIANGZHONGDEYICHUANWENDINGXING,SHENGCHANZHONGYINGGUANGFANCAIYONGJIAJIEMIAO、SHENYONGQIANCHAMIAO、SHAOYONGHUOBUYONGSHISHENGMIAO,YIQINGJIZHIWUFANGBURONGQIYUMIAOWEIJIA,YOUCHAJIAJIEMIAOMUJIESUIBIXULAIZISHENGREN DINGDELIANGZHONGCAISUIPUHUOYOULIANGPINZHONGMUZHU。

2.2 ZHENGDIFANGSHI

腾讯欢乐捕鱼    ZAOLINQIAN3~4GEYUEZHENGDI,BINGQINGCHUZAOLINDISHANGDEZACAOHEGUANMUDENGZHIBEI。ZHENGDIKEGENJUDIXINGPODUDAXIAO,CAIYONGQUANMIANZHENGDI(QUANKEN)、SHUIPINGJIETIZHENGDI、XIEPODAIZHUANGZHENGDIHEXUEZHUANGZHENGDIDENGFANGSHI。ZHONGZHITANGGUIGE:CHANG、KUAN、SHEN60cm×60cm×60cm  。QIZHONG,QUANKENZHENGDISHIYONGYUPODU10°YIXIADEHUANPO,WAKENSHENDU20cm YISHANG,WAKENHOUDATANG;SHUIPINGJIETIZHENGDISHIYONGYUPODU25°YIXIAPODI,ZHENGDIANDENGGAOXIANWASHUIPINGDAI,WAJUESHUIPINGDAISHIYINGZIXIAERSHANGDEWAJUEFANGSHIJINXING,WAJUESHANGMIANSHUIPINGDAISHI,JIANG BIAOTUTUIDAOXIAMIANSHUIPINGDAISHANG,YIBAOZHENGBIAOCENGFEITUBUSUNSHI;XIEPODAIZHUANGZHENGDISHIHEYUPODU25°YISHANG、TUCENGJIAOQIANDESHANPO,MEITIAOWAKENDAIWAICEBAOLIU1m KUANDEFEIKENDAI,BINGJIANGKENDAINEIWACHUDECAOGENSHUZHUANGSANDUIYUFEIKENDAISHANG,YONGYILANXUSHUITU,DAIJIANBAOLIUYUANYOUZHI BEI;XUEZHUANGZHENGDISHIYONGYUPODUJIAODOU、POMIANPOSUIDESHANPO。DINGZHIQIAN,MEITANGFANG 1~2kg GAIMEILINHUO5~10kg NONGJIAFEIYUBIAOTUHUNHETIANRUTANGZHONG,NONGJIAFEIYINGZAIFAJIAOFUREHOUZAIZAOLINQIAN1GEYUESHIYONG,HUITIANTUGAOCHUDIMIAN10~20cm ,DAIXIAYUHUO JIAOTOUSHUICHENJIANGZHIDIBIAOMIANHOUZAIZHIXIAOMIAO。

腾讯欢乐捕鱼    3 XINGJIANCUOWEIMIZHI

    YOUCHAWEICIXIONGTONGZHU,YIHUASHOUFENZHIWU,ZIHUASHOUFENLV、ZUOGUOLVDI。ZAISHENGCHANZHONG,RENMENWANGWANGHUSHILEDUOPINZHONGHUNHEDAPEIDEZAIPEIFANGSHI,PUBIANCAIYONGDANYIPINZHONGHEDANYIMOSHI,ANZHONGZHIMIZHI1 110ZHU/ hm2ZAIPEI。TEBIESHI,20SHIJIYINGZAODEYOUCHALAOLIN ,DADUOCAIYONGYOUCHAZIDIANZISHISHENGFANZHI,ZAOLINZHONGZILAIYUANZALUAN、PINZHONGHUNZA、LIANGZHONGSHAO,CONGERDAOZHIBUFENLINNEIKONGDIJIAODUO,BUFENZHIZHUBIAOXIANCHUGUOXIAO、PIHOU、CHANLIANGDI,CHUZILVDI、CHUYOULVDIDENGXIANXIANG,YOUCHAGENIANJIESHIXIANXIANG(DAXIAONIAN)SHIFENMINGXIAN,YUNXINGJICHA DEXIANXIANGPUBIANCUNZAI,LINFENCHANLIANGHEZHILIANGBUGAO,ZHENDUIZHEXIEWENTI,BENWENTICHUDUOPINZHONGHUNHEDAPEI,XINGJIANCUOWEIMIZHIFANGFA。

3.1 DUOPINZHONGDAPEI

    SHENGCHANZHONGXUANYONG3~5GEKAIHUA、SHOUFENDENGWUHOUQIXIANGJIN、QINHELVQIANG、HUAFENSHULIANGDUO,HUAFENZHILIANGHAO,FENGCHANXINGQIANGDEYOULIANGPINZHONGHUNHEPEIZHIZAIPEI,ZAIPEIMIDUAN1 665 ZHU/ hm2PEIZHI,YITIGAOLINNEIZHIZHUJIANDEYIHUASHOUFENLVHEZUOGUOLV,BINGCHONGFENLIYONGLIN NEIKONGJIAN,CONGERTIGAOYOUCHALINFENCHANLIANGHEZHILIANG。SHENGCHANZHONGKEGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANG,CAIYONGXINGZHUANGPEIZHIZAIPEI、DAIZHUANGPEIZHIZAIPEI、HUNHEPEIZHIZAIPEI3ZHONGFANGSHIJINXINGDAPEI。XINGZHUANGPEIZHIZAIPEI:MEIGEPINZHONGZAIPEIYIXING,3~5GEPINZHONGXINGZHUANGJIAOCUOZAIPEI;DAIZHUANGPEIZHIZAIPEI:MEIDAI ZAIPEIYIGEPINZHONG,MEIDAIZAIPEI2~3XING,3~5GEPINZHONGDAIZHUANGJIAOCUOZAIPEI;HUNHEZAIPEI:MIAOMUSHULIANGXIANGTONGDE 3~5GEPINZHONGHUNHEZAIPEI。

    3.2 XINGJIANCUOWEIMIZHI

    YOUCHAZAIPEIANZHUXINGJU2m×3mZHONGZHI,JI1 665ZHU/ hm2 ,ZHONGZHISHIYEKEGENJUDIXING、PODUHEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUSHIDANGDIAOZHENGZHONGZHIMIDU。ZHONGZHILIANGXINGJIANDUIWEIDEZHIZHUCUOKAIZHONGZHI,XINGCHENGXINGJIANZHONGZHIZHIZHUCHENGSANJIAOXINGBUZHI。

腾讯欢乐捕鱼    YUJIZAOLINSHIJIANXUANZEZAI 6-8 YUE,DONGJIZAOLINSHIJIANXUANZEZAIDANGNIAN12YUEZHIDI2NIAN3YUE(SHUISHITIAOJIANJIAOHAODIQU)。ZAOLINYIXUANYONGLIANGNIANSHENGJIAJIERONGQIMIAOHUOQINGJIZHIMIAOZAOLIN,ZAOLINSHIXUANZEYINTIANHUOYUTIANZAOLIN,BINGGENJUMIAOMURONGQIDAXIAO,WAKAIDAXIAOSHIYIDEZHONG ZHIXUE,CHUQUBUKEJIANGJIEDERONGQI,JIANGMIAOMUZHIRUXUEZHONGYANG,SHIJIAJIEKOULUCHUDIMIAN2~5cm ,JIANGTUYASHI。ZAIHOUJISHIFUGAIBOMO,60~100cm×60~100cm ,FUMOSHIYONGTUYAJINBOMOSIZHOU,XINGCHENGYIMIAOWEIZHONGXINNEIDIWAIGAOLOUDOUXINGTANGMIAN,ZAIZAIMIAOGENCHUJIAGAITURANGYAJINBOMO,YIBIANTIANRANSHUIFENHUIJILIUDAOMIAOGENCHU。YINTIANHUOQINGTIANZAOLINSHIYAOJIAODINGGENSHUI,MEIZHANGXIEZIJIANDIAO1 /  2 。

腾讯欢乐捕鱼    4 AIHUAZHENGXINGXIUJIAN

    4.1 ZHAIYADINGGAN

腾讯欢乐捕鱼    SHUTICAIYONGZIRANYUANTOUXINGJINXINGXIUJIANZHENGXING,ZHONGZHIHOUYOUMIAOQIXIANJIANGSHENGCHANGDEDINGYAJISHIZHAICHU,CUJINCEZHIDESHENGCHANG,DAICHAYOUSHUXINGZHUANGCHANGHAOHOU,KAISHIDINGGAN,DINGGANDEGAODUWEI 50~60cm 。

    4.2 PEIYANGZHUZHI

    DINGGANHOUDI2NIANZAOCHUNDUIYOUCHASHUJINXINGXIUJIAN,XUANDING3GECHENG120° FANGXIANGDEZHITIAOZUOWEIZHUZHIPEIYANG,ZAIZHUZHIXINGCHENGDEJICHUSHANGZAIZHUZHILISHUGAN20cm JULICHUJINYIBUZHAICHUDINGYA。

腾讯欢乐捕鱼    4.3 PEIYANGERJIFUZHUZHI

腾讯欢乐捕鱼    DI 2~5 NIANQIJIANMEINIANPEIYANGANZHAODI 1 NIANPEIYANGZHUZHIDEFANGFAPEIYANGXIAYICENGDEZHUZHI,MEILIANGCENGZHUZHIZHIJIANSHANGXIAJIANGEFENKAI。

    4.4 KONGGAOKUOGUAN

    CHENGLINGSHUTONGGUOZHENGXINGXIUJIANKONGZHIGAOSHENGCHANG,QUEBAOSHUGAOZAI2mYINEI,JINYIBUKUODAGUANFUHENGXIANGKUOZHAN。

    4.5 ZHENGXINGXIUJIAN

腾讯欢乐捕鱼    CHENGLINXIUJIANYINGYISHUJIANWEIZHU,DANIANZHONGJIAN,XIAONIANQINGJIAN。XIUJIANZAIMEINIANGUOSHICAISHOUHOUZHIYINIANSHUYELIUDONGQIANJINXING,JIANCHUKUZHI、BINGCHONGZHI、JIAOCHAZHI、XIRUONEITANGZHI、JIAOZHI、TUCHANGZHIDENG。XIUJIANSHIYAOYINSHUZHIYI,JIANMILIUSHU,QURUOLIUQIANG,RUOSHUZHONGJIAN,QIANGSHUQINGJIAN。 XIUJIANHOU,NEIBAOWAIMAN,SHANGXIABUZHONGDIE,TONGFENGTOUQI,XIUJIANHOUXINGCHENGYUANMANDEFENGCHANGUANFU。

腾讯欢乐捕鱼    5 TURANGSHUIFEIGUANLI

    5.1 TURANGGUANLI

腾讯欢乐捕鱼    SHENGCHANZHONGYAOZUODAO“SANNIANYISHENWA,YINIANYIQIANCHU”。PODU10°YIXIADEPINGHUANSHANDI,YICAIYONGQUANKEN;PODU10~25°DIDUAN,YICAIYONGDAIKEN;PODUJIAODOU、SHUITULIUSHIJIAOYANZHONG、ZACAOXISHAODEPODI,YICAIYONGXUEKEN。FANWASHENDU20cm YISHANG,QIANCHANSHENDU 3~5cm 。

    5.2 YOULINSHIFEI

    QIUDONGJISHINONGJIAFEI,SHIFEILIANGYINSHULING、SHUTIDAXIAOERDING,YIBANMEI667m2SHIYONGNONGJIAFEI500~1000kg 。YOUSHUSHIFEIWEIZHIYINGZAISHUGUANWAIYAN 10~20cm CHU,KAIWASHENBUDIYU30cm 、KUAN30~40cm DEBIHE HUANZHUANGGOUJINXINGSHIFEI,ZHEZHONGSHIFEIFANGSHIYOULIYUYOUDAOYOUCHAGENXIXIANGWAIKUOZHAN,CUJINSHUTIGUANFUDESHENGCHAN。SHIFEIKEJIEHECHUCAOTONGBUJINXING。ZHUIFEIYISUXIAOFEIWEIZHU,RUNIAOSU、GUOLINSUANGAI、XIAOSUANJIADENG。MEINIANZHUIFEI 2~3 CI,ZAO LIN DANG NIAN SHI FEI YING ZAI JU MIAO  MU GEN XI 20cmWAI,SHIYONGLIANG50g/ZHU,YIHOUSUIZHUSHUTIDEZENGCHANG,SHIFEILIANGZHUNIANDIZENG。

    5.3 CHENGLINSHIFEI

    MEINIANMEI 667m2ZENGSHINONGJIAFEI 1000~2000kg ,CAIYONGFANGSHEZHUANGGOUSHI、TIAOZHUANGGOUSHIHUOXUEZHUANGSHIFEI,KAIWAWEIZHIJINLIANGXUANZEZAISHUGUANDISHUIXIANKAOSHUGANNEICE,MEICISHIFEIXUBIANHUANKAIWAWEIZHI,YILIYUGENXIDEXISHOU。YINWEIYOUCHACHENGLINDESHUGUAN、GENGUANYAN SHENJUNDADAOZUIDA,ZHITIAOYOUYINGYANGZHIZHUJIANZHUANWEIJIEGUOZHI,KAISHICHUXIANYOUWAIXIANGNEIDEXIANGXINGENGXIN,ZAICIJIEDUAN,YOUCHAGENXIZHUYAOJIZHONGFENBUZAISHUGUANDISHUIXIANNEICE,ERCHENGLINSHUTIMEINIANJIEGUOXUYAOXIAOHAODALIANGDEYANGFEN,WEIBUDUANBUCHONGSHUTIKAIHUAJIEGUOXIAOHAODENENGLIANG,DANIANYING YILINJIAFEI、YOUJIFEIWEIZHU,XIAONIANYILINDANFEIWEIZHU,MEINIANSHIFEI2~3CI,MEICI0.5~1kg/ZHU。

    5.4 JIAOGUAN

    YOUCHACHOUSHAO、HUAYAFENHUAQI,KELIYONGSHUIJIAO、HEDAO、SHANJIANZIRANSHUIYUANDENGTUJINGDUIYOUCHAJIAOYICITOUSHUI,JIAOSHUIKEPEIHESHIFEITONGBUJINXING。

    6 AIHUAMIZHIZAIPEIXIAOGUODUIBIWEIJINYIBULEJIEYOUCHAAIHUAMIZHIZAIPEIXIAOGUO,2007 NIAN,ZAIWENSHANZHOUGUANGNANXIANJIUMOXIANGBUSHESHIYANXIAOQU1.33hm2 (20MU),QIZHONG0.33hm2 (5MU)CAIYONGAIHUAMIZHIZAIPEIJISHU,ZHONGZHI MI DU 1 66 5 ZHU/ hm2 (MEI667 m 2ZHONG ZHI 111 ZHU);1hm2 WEICHANGGUIZAIPEIMOSHI,ZHONGZHIMIDU1 110 ZHU/hm2 (MEI667m2ZHONGZHI 74 ZHU)。ZHONGZHIHOUZAIMEIKUAISHIYANDIZHONGYANGQUEDINGYIGEGU DING YANG DI,MEI GE GU DING YANG DI  MIAN JI 0.133hm2 (2MU),ZHONGZHI6NIANHOU(2012NIAN)KAISHICECHAN,BINGZHESUANWEIPINGJUNDANWEIMIANJICHANLIANGJINXINGDUIBI。 2KUAISHIYANDICHUZHONGZHIMIDUHEZHENGXINGXIUJIANBUTONGWAI,QITAMIAOMU、ZHONGZHIJIGUANHUFANGFAXIANGTONG。

    7 BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI

    YOUCHACHONGHAIZHUYAOYOUTIANNIU、XIANGJIA、CHIHUO、CHADUE、MIANJIEDENG,BINGHAIZHUYAOCHABINGBING、TANJUBING、BAIJUANBING、YANMEIBINGDENG。SHENGCHANZHONG,YINGGUANCHE“YIFANGWEIZHU,ZONGHEFANGZHI”DEYUANZE,YAOBUDUANJIAQIANGYINGLINJISHUCUOSHI,GAISHANLINNEIHUANJINGTIAOJIAN,JISHIQINGCHULINNEILAO、RUO、 BING、CANZHU,BINGCHONGZHI、KUSIZHIDENG,CONGERTIGAOZHIZHUZISHENDEKANGBINGCHONGHAINENGLI,LIZHENGZHIZAO、ZHIXIAO、ZHIHAO。

    YOUCHASHIWOGUOJINGJIJIAZHIFEICHANGGAODEYOULEIZUOWU,ZHONGZHIFANGFAJIANDAN,ERQIEYIHUO,DANSHIXIANGYAOHUODEGAOCHANHUANSHIXUYAOZHANGWOYIDINGDEZAIPEIJIQIAODE,YISHANGSHIGUANYUYOUCHAAIHUAMIZHIDEFANGFA,GEWEIKEYIJIEJIAN。




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